Author Archives: davidigjones

About davidigjones

Student studying popular music at Anglia Ruskin.

Week 12 – Mastering Assessment 2 and Evaluation

Mastering of assessment 2 to make it louder/ clearer.

EQ:

Stereo EQ to add Loudness

Stereo EQ to add Loudness

Mix Bus Compression:

Mix bus Compression (Configured the ballad present)

Mix bus Compression (Configured the ballad present)

Limiter:

Limiter to avoid clipping.

Limiter to avoid clipping.

Maximizer:

Maximizer to make the piece louder.

Maximizer to make the piece louder.

Dither:

Dither - 16

Dither – 16

Master of Assessment 2:

Brief Assessment 2 Evaluation 

The recording techniques AB, Decca tree, MS, XY, and ORTF went well when we recorded them. Though given the time I would have recorded them again because of the background noise picked by the talk-back. To improve further I feel that we could have experimented with the sound distance, but given time we rushed recording the our techniques because we started recording them as a group with Cris on the guitar, but then realized we had to do it individually. We did this in 40 mins as we were running out of studio time, however felt the recording demonstrated the different recording technique and the different/ varieties sound that could be achieved. Given time I would have recording again, so that there was no background noise.

In the mixing process I created the illusion of  being in a concert hall with the use of reverb and I also used a compressor to even out the recordings. Then I experimented with the EQ to achieve sounds I liked from each technique. Mastering was exceptional, by adding a mix bus compression, Dither, limiter, Maximizer to get a loud recording. I think that the mixing and mastering can be improved with use of recording monitors and a ideal acoustic environment such as RT60 as I discussed in assessment one you usually have 2 people do each mastering and mixing. Assessment 2 overall went well.

Reference Tracks:

1. ‘Blowin in the wind’ Bob Dylan – Clean acoustic sound

– Access date [17/12/2014]

2.  ‘Thinking Out Loud’ Ed Sheeran – AB recording technique

-Access date [17/12/2014]

3. ‘Drifting’ Andy Mckee – Acoustic guitar in a big room for reverb

-Access date  [17/12/2014].

Week 11 Mixing recording assessment 2

I use EQ, compression and Reverb to create a nautral sound within a concert hall setting. I sent each recording techniques stereo track to a compressor (Changing the Acoustic guitar present) and a reverb (Changing the hall church present) plugin called room work to get a smooth concert hall sound.

Reverb:

Reverb Settings

Reverb Settings

Compressor:

Compressor Settings.

Compressor Settings.

EQ:

AB

AB EQ

XY EQ

XY EQ

Decca Tree EQ

Decca Tree EQ

MS EQ

MS EQ

ORTF EQ

ORTF EQ

announcement EQ

announcement EQ

Final Mix:

Week 11 – Assessment 2 Recording

The recording techniques used are:

1. AB – 2 DPA 4090s, Spaced about 20 cm, the polarity of the microphones set to Omnidirectional, the sound source being about 2 foot way.

2. XY – 2 AKG 414s, Coincident position at 90 degrees, the polarity set as Cardioid, the sound source being about 2 foot away.

3. Decca tree – 2 AKG 414s + DPA, Spaced in a 120cm triange, polarity being Omnidirectional, the sound source being about 2 foot  away.

4. MS – Royer R-121 (bidirectional/ fig of 8) Side microphone + AKG414 (Cardioid), Coincident,the sound source being about 2 foot away.

5. ORTF – 2 AKG 414s, Spaced 17cm (Head) apart at 110 degrees, polarity Cardioid, the sound source being about 2 foot away.

AB

AB

XY

XY

DECCA Tree

DECCA Tree

MS

MS

MS Test

MS Test

ORTF

ORTF

Afterwards I Imported the files into cubase. Finding that some of the Techniques such as ORTF and the MS have back ground noise. Not sure how these got on to the audio, but I think it must have been when we exported it to WAV files and the talk back bleed into the audio. I recorded an announcement at home and added EQ on it to make sound like a phone line.

Assessment one – Evaluation

‘Something Beautiful’ overall went well as we used a wide range of recording techniques like Glyn Johns Technique, Decca Tree, AB etc. We created a skeleton track for the drums, so then the piano could be recorded in time. Once that was we recorded the Bass using the DPAs and then the guitar with the 2 Neumann TLMs, then we recorded the vocals with the AKG 414s Aisha (in the booth) and Frankie (In the chilli room) recording at the same time, then Tony afterwards. Then Drums were recorded again. The recording session went well, however I feel that we can improve by recording again as we as a group understand the functions considerably better with the techniques used, pro tools and the general use of the studio. Some of us were taken out of our comfort zone to perform to the best of our ability.

The mixing and mastering  ‘Something Beautiful’ was exceptional. I imported the WAV files into Cubase and used EQ, compression, gating, reverb and delay to achieve a mix that had no clipping. I was pleased with the creative mixing on the guitar solo sound i made with the pingpong delay plugin i used and the big reverb sounding drum sound. I just experimented with the EQ, Compression and plugins to get sounds I liked. In order to improve I feel that I would need to practice more at mixing and mastering, as this was my first mixed and mastered song. What a lot of people in the industry do is have 2 people do the mixing and mastering. One person mixes and then the other person masters it. Also to improve the mix and mastering is the acoustic environment in which it is mixed and the speakers used. Such as RT60 (http://www.sengpielaudio.com/calculator-RT60.htm)  and high end monitor speakers. Overall conclusion though is that this assessment went well.

Week 10 – Mastering Something Beautiful

Mastering is enhance the overall level of a song and improving the recording quality after the mixing stage. With the use of EQ, compression, dither (24 – 16 bit) etc. Again I have used presents and then configured them.

Parallel Compression: Increasing the volume of the compressor in the choruses.

Parrel Compression

Parrel Compression

Settings for compressor

Settings for compressor

Mix bus Compression – A compressor on the master fader to boost and smooth the track.

Mix bus compression.

Mix bus compression.

EQ: I used a bit of EQ on the stereo track to add loudness and a little dip in the bass.

EQ

Limiter: To stop clipping.

Limiter settings

Limiter settings

Maximizer: To make the track louder.

Maximizer

Maximizer

Dither: 16 noise shaping.

Dither

Dither

Master: Something Beautiful

Week 9 – Mixing of ‘Something Beautiful’ for assessment one.

Treatment and Bounce

Make sure all tracks are ‘topped and tailed’ i.e. edited for a clean start and end with fade in/out – post screenshots of these edits on your blog (blog screenshots)

Use compression, equalisation (Eq) and gating/’strip silence’ (but not necessarily on every track) – blog screenshots

In addition to the processes above, use anything that you feel compliments your recordings in producing the best possible sounding outcome – blog screenshots

Avoid clipping the mix output prior to limiting – monitor this on the master fader (set in peak mode) – blog screenshot

————————————————————————————————————————————–

Mixing levels – sending the audio tracks to the necessary Buses (Group tracks) then alternating them to achieve a good level mix without any clipping.

sending the audio tracks to the necessary Buses (Group tracks) then alternating them to achieve a good level mix without any clipping.

sending the audio tracks to the necessary Buses (Group tracks) then alternating them to achieve a good level mix without any clipping.

Edits –

Timeline

Visuals of timeline of something beautiful, to see edits such as cutting, cropping, gluing, splits, muting to deal with timing issues (especially drums).

Volume automation –

Fade in volume adjustment.

Fade in volume adjustment.

Fade Out volume adjustment.

Fade Out volume adjustment.

Equalisation (EQ) –

EQ example for Vocals (Aisha).

EQ example for Vocals (Aisha).

Guitar Solo EQ - Added a extra guitar part to the track in the mixing stage.

Guitar Solo EQ – Added a extra guitar part to the track in the mixing stage.

BASS EQ

Bass EQ

Stereo track for decca tree piano EQ

Stereo track for decca tree piano EQ

Mono track - piano Top decca tree EQ

Mono track – piano Top decca tree EQ

Kick Drum EQ

Kick Drum EQ

Snare Top EQ

Snare Top EQ

SIDE Snare EQ

SIDE Snare EQ

Drum Overheads EQ

Drum Overheads EQ

Compression – For compression I used presents as a reference point and then configured the parameters, such as Threshold and ratio to get the sound I liked. Making it sound even thought out the mix.

KICK Drum Compression.

KICK Drum Compression.

Solo guitar compression.

Solo guitar compression.

Bass Compression.

Bass Compression.

TOP Snare Compression

TOP Snare Compression

Overhead Compression.

Overhead Compression.

Gating – I used presents as a reference then isolated the rest by changing the settings. Examples are drum gating.

Kick Gate

Kick Gate

Snare Gate

Snare Gate

Reverb – I have included reverb within my mix to create a big sound. For example a large amount of reverb on the Kick drum.

Kick drum reverb

Kick drum reverb

Top snare reverb.

Top snare reverb.

EFX track – For the vocals I used a effect channel for the reverb. Still allows me to send the reverb from another track and automate it.

EFX Channel - Roomwork reverb for vocals

EFX Channel – Roomwork reverb for vocals

Delay – I create another guitar track so I could have a guitar solo with a delay. Again I got5 a present and changed it to have a U2 guitar sound.

Delay for Guitar

Delay for Guitar

Reference Tracks:

I did not initially target for a specific reference track. I focused on getting a clean balanced mix, then focused on doing creative mixing like reverb and delay.  Below I have listed hyper links to similar sounds to professional tracks.

1. U2 -‘with or without you’ – I added an extra guitar with a delay, similar to what U2 do with their playing. It also has a clean prominent bass sound.

– Access date [16/12/2014]

2. Led zeppelin – ‘when the levee breaks’. I was after a huge kick drum sound with the use of reverb.

– Access date [16/12/2014].

3. Bryan Adams, Rod Stewart, Sting – ‘All for Love’. In something beautiful there is 3 vocals with some reverb on their vocals similar to this. There are 2 female vox instead though.

– Access date [16/12/2014].

Final Mix:

Individual tracks: